Every unusual growth, irritation, bump, line or red sign on the baby’s skin can raise some question marks. Parents start wondering right away. What is going on? Is that a disease? Perhaps it is an allergy. Is it caused by the cold or hot weather? The good news is that 95% of all skin problems are fairly simple to treat. However, always ask for specialist advice when something shows up on your baby’s skin, especially if you are not sure what it is. Then, what are the most popular skin related problems in babies? What are their causes and symptoms? Can you recognize them?
Dermatophytosis is a common skin affection determined by specific fungi. These fungi live in dead skin cells, as well as skin and nail cells. The disease is easy to identify though. Basically, the first symptom underlines a swollen area. It goes red, but it also feels scaly. Later on, the area looks like a ring. It creates intense itching sensations. The ring is either covered in blisters or flaky formations.
The affection is taken by getting in touch with an infected patient. Babies can also take it by using the same towels or toys. Most commonly, the treatment is based on an antifungal cream, yet it should be given by the specialist doctor.
Infectious rash is a mild and insignificant affection. It tends to move on within a few weeks only. The first signs can be cheating though. Most parents think their babies have flu. The face is shiny, while the skin goes red. All in all, the infectious rash spreads by cough and sneezes. The disease requires plenty of sleep, as well as a top-notch hydration. Analgesics may also be needed, yet there is one rule to remember. Never give your baby aspirin.
Always ask for the doctor’s advice when about to start a treatment and never do it by the ear. Do not take others’ advice either, even if their babies have actually managed to get healed.
Varicella is extremely contagious. It spreads very fast and its symptoms are obvious – blisters and red spots all over the body. They come with intense itching sensations. All in all, red spots are the first signs. Then, they evolve into blisters. Blisters break after a while. They get dry and turn into a crust. There is a vaccine against this affection. But then, both the treatment and the vaccine must be discussed about with the specialist doctor. Making decisions by the ear is likely to endanger your little one.
Impetigo is a skin affection caused by a bacteria. It determines the apparition of red blisters, which can break and come up with a brownish or yellowish crust. These blisters can show up anywhere on the body, yet they are more frequent around the nose and mouth. The disease is contagious, so be careful if you got more kids. It spreads by direct contact, not to mention using the same bedsheets, toys, clothes or towels. Just like other infectious affections, this one demands medical help.
Warts spread faster than anything else from one individual to another. Direct contact is the most common way. However, getting in contact with something touched by an infected individual may also lead to spreading the affection. Warts are more common on hands and fingers. In order to prevent them from spreading, teach your baby not to touch warts or bite nails. If they end up with warts, you should cover them with some band aids. The good news is that they move on by their own. Ask for specialist advice if you are worried about something in particular or the warts take too much time to heal.
Heat irritation is caused by blocked sweating canals. This irritation occurs when parents exaggerate and overdress their babies. They want their babies to be thoroughly protected, so they put too many clothes on them. The symptoms are obvious – red and pink dots. They normally show up around the head, neck and shoulders.
Contact dermatitis is a skin affection triggered by getting in touch with an irritating substance – specific foods, plants, flowers, soaps and so on. The good news is that it is not contagious. Other than that, it does not have a malign potential. It normally shows up within 48 hours after the respective contact. In the mild cases, you might observe some simple irritations or red bumps. In more severe cases, the area swells and goes red. Blisters may also show up. Seek medical advice from your doctor if you are not sure about something in particular.
In the end, the list of cutaneous affections is certainly longer, yet these are the most common types of issues that might harm your baby. The more you know about them, the more informed your decisions will be.